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Ratio in Statistics Examples,
Ratio Scale, Continued Ratio

On this Page:
 1. Ratio Scale Examples
 2. Continued Ratio

The ratio introduction page gave an introduction the concept of ratios in Math. With some examples of how they can be simplified from larger numbers in the original ratio similar to how fractions are simplified.

The subject of ratio scale, is where ratios can be appropriately scaled upward or downward where possible, with the use of division and multiplication.
To obtain the information you desire.




Examples    


(1.1) 

A cafe sold slices of cake one week in a ratio of:

Strawberry : Chocolate  =>  1 : 6

If the shop sold  26  Strawberry slices that week, how many Chocolate slices were sold?

Solution   

We know  26  Strawberry slices were sold.     60 : Chocolate

We know the Chocolate slices sold will be  6  times greater,
so some multiplication can complete this ratio being scaled up adequately.

26 × 6  =  156    =>    26 : 156

156  Chocolate cake slices were sold that week.




(1.2) 

The ratio of spiders to beetles in a garden is  4 : 1.

If there are  48  spiders, how many beetles are there in the garden?

Solution   

We know that  48  spiders are in the garden.
48 : Beetles

The number of beetles in the garden is  4  times less, so this situation now calls for division of  48  by  8  in order to scale the ratio down.

48 ÷ 4  =  12     =>     48 : 12

12  beetles are in the garden.




(1.3) 

A person works an  11  hour shift, and earns  $154  for doing so.

How many dollars did the person earn per hour during the  10  hour shift?

Solution   

Here we can set up the ratio as,   Hours : Dollars.     11 : 154

Now division by  1  will scale the ratio down appropriately so that the hours part is just  1.

11 ÷ 11  =  1     ,     154 ÷ 11  =  14     =>     1 : 14

The person earned  $20  per hour during the  11  hour shift.






Continued Ratio

In Math a ratio can also be in  3  parts as well as just  2  like we’ve seen so far.

When  3  or more quantities are presented in a ratio, it is defined as a  “continued ratio”.

Meaning that the ratio is continuing beyond  2  quantities.



Examples    


(2.1) 

Split  $20’000  into the ratio   2 : 3 : 5.

Solution   

The ratio  2 : 3 : 5  is  10  parts in total.

$20’000 ÷ 10  =  $2000

2 × $2000  =  $4000

3 × $2000  =  $6000

5 × $2000  =  $10’000


So  $20’000  in the ratio  2 : 3 : 5  =  $4000 : $6000 : $10’000.




(2.2) 

A fishing company has  3  boats, A, B and C.

Illustration of boat example for Continued Ratio in Statistics Examples.

One month  50’000  fish were caught by the  3  boats combined.

The ratio of the fish caught by each mine was,

A : B : C    =>    4 : 2 : 2.

How much fish did each individual boat catch?

Solution   

The ratio of   4 : 2 : 2   is  8  parts in total.

50’000 ÷ 8  =  6250

BOAT A)   4 × 6250  = 25’00

BOAT B)   2 × 6250  = 12’500

BOAT C)   2 × 6250  = 12’500

The ratio for mines  A, B  and  C  is,  25’000 : 12’500 : 12’500


Alternatively,  one can also use the following sums for situations involving ratios such as with the fishing boats above.

Boat’s catch   =   Total Amount × \boldsymbol{\frac{Ratio}{Sum \space of \space Ratios}}


So the calculations would be:

BOAT A)   =   50’000 × \bf{\frac{4}{8}}   =   50’000 × \bf{\frac{1}{2}}   =   25’500

BOAT B)   =   50’000 × \bf{\frac{2}{8}}   =   50’000 × \bf{\frac{1}{4}}   =   12’500

BOAT C)   =   50’000 × \bf{\frac{2}{8}}   =   50’000 × \bf{\frac{1}{4}}   =   12’500





(2.3) 

In certain situations, it can be necessary to be put  2  or more ratios into a continued ratio.

Say you had  3  different workers at a company that made combined earnings of of  $46’000  in one year.

Their combined earnings are divided up between them in ratios such that:

Worker 1 : Worker 2   =   3 : 4
Worker 2 : Worker 3   =   2 : 1

How much in earnings did each individual worker make?


Solution   

To properly compare these  3  different worker earnings, we look to put them into a continued ratio.


In order to do this, we can write out the workers in a  3  part ratio along side each other.
Then write down the ratios between the workers that we currently know underneath, set up in the following way.

Setting up to write a new Continued Ratio.



What we can do now is multiply these numbers in the following way, from the left to the right.
Writing the multiplication results we obtain in order underneath, will give us a continued ratio.

Completed sums for writing a new Continued Ratio.



This new ratio we have represents the  3  different worker earnings in a continued ratio.

Worker 1 : Worker 2 : Worker 3    =    6 : 8 : 4


From here we can take either of the approaches already shown in the fishing boats example  (2.2).

Sum of Ratios  =  6 + 8 + 4  =  18

Worker 1)   =   45’000 × \bf{\frac{6}{18}}   =   45’000 × \bf{\frac{1}{3}}   =   15’000

Worker 2)   =   45’000 × \bf{\frac{8}{18}}   =   45’000 × \bf{\frac{4}{9}}   =   20’000

Worker 3)   =   45’000 × \bf{\frac{4}{18}}   =   45’000 × \bf{\frac{2}{9}}   =   10’000


Of the  $45’000  total combined earnings.

Worker 1  made  $15’000worker 2  made  $20’000  and  worker 3  made  $10’000.






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